Obesity is a contributor to or a cause of chronic medical and/or surgical conditions including diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, stroke, certain cancers, recurrent trauma and arthritis. Here are the ponderous facts: The apparent rise in the incidence of hypertension and diabetes worldwide is concerning. Certain populations, non-Hispanic blacks, for instance are at higher risk, but it is getting scary for all of society!
obesity / overweight
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In a given year in the U.S., 1/4th of US men and 2/5ths of US women attempt to lose weight or keep it off. These are sobering statistics that we see all around us, particularly poignant in my office as a pediatrician.
Percentage of the U.S. Population That Is Obese or Overweight Overweight - 19.2% (Body Mass Index of 25.0 to 29.9) Obese - 7.4% (Body Mass Index of 30.0 to 39.9) Extremely Obese - 4.2% (Body Mass Index of 40.0 +) Source: Society of Actuaries, "Obesity and its Relation to Mortality and Morbidity Costs." December 2010. (pdf)
Adolescent obesity is a growing problem that causes consternation for all and for which there are few if any durable treatments available. Non-treatment, however, is no option. Obese children, like their adult counterparts can develop metabolic syndrome with all of its attendant complications-- cardiovascular problems resulting from years of high blood sugar and lipid levels and consequent, diabetes and/or hypertension . Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome May Not Be a Stable Diagnosis
Weighing the effectiveness of drugs in managing obesity. First, What is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, (in this case in kids)?